Abu Ishaq Ibrahim al- Shatibi

(d. 790)

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(d. 790)

Andalusian Maliki scholar and reformer. Wrote on a variety of subjects including usul al-fiqh, grammar, and poetry. Was critical of fiqh of his age and disagreed with Maliki contemporaries on many points, including taxation and the significance of taqlid (precedent). Reemphasized the principle of Quranic supremacy as the ultimate source for making rules among Muslims. Argued that the individual's interests and common good (maslahah) constitute the prime purposes of Islamic law. In modern times Muhammad Abduh and his student Muhammad Rashid Rida resurrected Shatibi's scholarship, especially regarding the purposes of law.

Subjects: Islam.

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