A summer settlement for farmers practising transhumance in Scotland and northern England, so as to rest their winter pastures. These men lived in stone or turf huts known as bothies, and cultivated a small field of oats or rye, while tending their cattle and sheep. Place‐names such as ‐erg, ‐scholes, and ‐sett commemorate these settlements. The Welsh hafod and the Irish buaile have the same meaning. Shielings also acted as territorial markers on disputed moorlands. See H. Ramm et al., Shielings and Bastles (1970), and Albert Bil, The Shieling, 1600–1840: The Case of the Central Scottish Highlands (1990).