Johann Steiner

(c. 1550—1610)

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(b Urach, c. 1550; d Stuttgart, 1610). German painter and draughtsman. He may have trained in Riedlingen. First mentioned in connection with renovations to the Residenzschloss in Stuttgart in 1570, he worked from then on for the court at Württemberg, from 1576 as a salaried court painter with a large workshop and many assistants. His wall and ceiling paintings at the palace and elsewhere in Stuttgart have all been lost, as have his portraits. He largely designed (1590) and helped to paint the decoration of the Grosses Lusthaus (destr.) at Stuttgart, employing landscapes with hunting scenes on the longer walls, enhanced by views of places in Württemberg and portrait figures. Some idea of the building emerges from archive documents (Fleischhauer, 1971), contemporary descriptions and an etching (1619) by Friedrich Brentel I. Taking on the role of historical ‘reporter’, Steiner also drew events from the life of Duke Ludwig and the Württemberg court—mainly hunting scenes, dating from between 1576 and 1585. These reveal the influence of Eberhard van Backes, Steiner's predecessor as court painter.

From The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Renaissance Art.

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