stretch-shortening cycle

Related Overviews


'stretch-shortening cycle' can also refer to...


More Like This

Show all results sharing this subject:

  • Sports and Exercise Medicine


Show Summary Details

Quick Reference

A common movement pattern that increases the power generated by a muscle group. The stretch-shortening cycle consists of a combination of the three types of muscle action; an eccentric action followed by a static (isometric) action, then a concentric action of the same muscle group. The combined actions exert greater force or power output than movements produced by concentric actions alone. The enhanced force generation is probably due to the elastic behaviour of muscle components during and immediately after the eccentric action. The stretch-shortening cycle is taken advantage of in many sport activities, for example, when a counter movement or bob-down movement is performed before a jump, and when a wind-up movement is performed before a throw. See also shock exercise.

Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.

Reference entries

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.