Taylor was born in 1834, and died in Cambridge in 1920. He studied at Trinity College, Cambridge, and was elected a fellow, and spent much of his career there. He was a noted writer and lecturer on the theory of music. His major work Sound and Music (1873) was an important study of acoustics and harmonics, which drew on recent German work, especially by Helmholtz, but also contained much original material. Taylor lectured widely on ‘the physical basis of sound’ and the nature of harmonics, as well as on more traditional subjects such as the music of J.S. Bach. He is known to have composed a few songs and part-songs, but no major musical works of his own. He was, with William Pole and George Grove, a founder member of the Royal Musical Association in 1874. His good works extended in other directions as well; he once donated £500 from his own pocket to help found the Cambridge Dental Institute.
From The Biographical Dictionary of British Economists in Oxford Reference.