C18 landscape designed to look wild, forsaken, uninhabited, and uncultivated, with ‘ruined’ buildings, giving the impression of having been abandoned, and conducive to melancholy. A good example is the Désert de Retz, Chambourcy, Yvelines, France (1770s), with its folly in the form of a huge overscaled ruined column with an interior of three floors of apartments arranged around a central spiral stair. The rooms on the fourth floor were illuminated by means of top-lighting behind the ‘column’-shaft's broken top and through glazed ‘cracks’ in the ‘flutes’.
W. Adams (1979);Muthesius & Turner (1991);Racine (ed.) (2001)