National Institute of Design

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Ray Eames (1913—1988)


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LLEWELLYN, William (1863 - 1941), Member of Royal West of England Academy; Hon. Member of the Royal Scottish Academy; Hon. Member of the Royal Hibernian Academy; Hon. Member of the Royal Institute of Oil Painters; Hon. Fellow of the Society of Painter Etchers; Hon. Fellow Royal Institute of British Architects; Hon. Fellow of the Institute of British Decorators; Hon. Corresponding member of the National Academy of Design, New York; once a member of The New English Art Club, The Royal Society of British Artists, Royal Society of Portrait Painters, and Royal British Colonial Society of Artists—since resigned; Grand Officer of the Order of Orange Nassau, Holland; Grand Cross of the Crown of Italy; Commander of the Legion of Honour; Albert Medal, Royal Society of Arts

WILLIAMS-ELLIS, (Bertram) Clough (1883 - 1978), architect; Past-President Design and Industry Association; Vice-Pres., Council for the Preservation of Rural Wales; Member Town Planning Institute; Member National Parks Committee; Chairman Glass Industry Working Party; Member National Trust Committee for Wales; Member Government Committee on Art and Industry; Member of Art Committee, University of Wales; Member Grand Council, British Travel Association; Vice-President Institute Landscape Architects; Member Advisory Council for Welsh Reconstruction; First Chairman First New Town Development Corporation (Stevenage); Member Festival of Britain 1951 Committee (Wales); Member Trunk Road Advisory Committee; late Welsh Guards, served in France, 1915–18 (despatches)

BLOMFIELD, Reginald (1856 - 1942), Past President, Gold Medallist, Royal Institute of British Architects; late Member, Royal Commission of Fine Art; Member of Board of Ancient Monuments and of Advisory Council Victoria and Albert Museum; a Principal Architect of Imperial War Graves Commission; Hon. Member, American Academy of Arts and Letters; Officer de l’instruction publique and Hon. Corresponding Member of Societé des Architectes Diplomés de France and of Society of Architects of Argentine; Hon. Member of Royal Academy of Belgium; Hon. Member of National Academy of Design of America; a Vice-President, Royal Historical Society; Chevalier of the Legion of Honour; Officer of the Orders of the Crown and Leopold I, Leopold II of Belgium; Architect

SAWYER, George Alexander (died 1944), Knight of Grace of St John, Knight of the Crown of Belgium, etc. Late Deputy Chairman of the British Empire Film Institute; late Hon. Treasurer of the National Liberal Council for London during Coalition Government; late Chairman of Westminster National Liberal Association (Abbey and St George’s Divisions); a Life Governor and formerly an Hon. Treasurer of the Queen’s Hospital for Children and Member of the Governing Board; organised many Art Exhibitions, amongst which were the First British Sculptors Exhibition, Medallic Art Exhibition, First Official War Photo Exhibition, British Women Artists Exhibition, Belgian Art at the Front Exhibition, Belgian Art at the Front Exhibition and Sculpture Exhibition, 1931; Hon. Secretary and Treasurer of the first British Industrial Art Exhibition, 1933; Hon. Organiser the first Contemporary Industrial Design Exhibition, 1935; Hon. Treasurer, Durham Distressed Area Committee; during European War organised and served with Voluntary Hospitals in France; member of board of London Child Guidance Clinic, etc


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(established 1961)

The establishment of the National Institute of Design in Ahmadabad was the outcome of the Indian government and the Ford Foundation's sponsorship of a three‐month visit to India by designers Charles and Ray Eames. Their brief related to the establishment of a design training programme to support small‐scale industry and reverse a deterioration in the quality of consumer goods made in India. The Eameses decided to examine the role of Indian design from a number of perspectives including architecture, anthropology, communications, economics, history, physics, psychology, and sociology. As a result it was proposed to set up an institute of design, research, and consultancy linked to the Ministry of Commerce and Industry. It was recommended that the first intake of the Institute should be about twelve, with an Institute staff of about a dozen with a number of visiting Indian experts drawn from government, design practice, and other such constituencies. The significance of the Eameses' report for the foundation of NID was recognized by the institution's inauguration in 1987–8 of the ‘Charles Eames Award’.

The NID went on to play a key role in many national design initiatives, setting up a range of courses and liasing with a number of official bodies and design organizations. Early work included documentation on the crafts, a programme initiated in 1970–1 with the publication of Rural Craftsmen and their Work. This was followed by other schemes including the Rural University project, the establishment of training programmes for craftsmen, and the documentation of handloom and handicrafts in a number of key centres including Assam, Meghalaya, and Manipur. Acting also as a design consultancy NID was also frequently involved with practical design projects and external commissions including a number of corporate identity design schemes, including that for the Delhi Transport Corporation (1974–5) and the symbols for Indian Telephone Industries (1978–9), Hindustan Lever Limited (1979–80), and the Calcutta Metro (1983–4). Extending the level and range of its specialist activities NID established a chair in Design Research in 1989. Many links were forged with other art and design educational institutions in India and overseas, including British art and design higher education institutions as discussed with Baroness Blackstone, British Minister of State for Education and Employment, on her visit to NID in early 2001. NID won many awards for its services to design including, in 1977–8 the ICSID‐Philips Award, the first International Award for Design in Developing Countries. In 1985–6 NID also won the Worldesign Award for outstanding achievements in Industrial Design and the Sir Misha Black Memorial Award in recognition of its contribution to design education.

Subjects: Industrial and Commercial Art.

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