A nongovernmental organization founded in 1986 to reduce and ultimately eliminate iodine deficiency disorders, by assisting governments and international agencies to establish and sustain programs of salt iodization (by adding potassium iodate to salt in the regions of the world where deficiency is endemic, leading to cretinism and myxedema). Iodine deficiency is the most common preventable cause of brain damage in the world, with more than 2 billion people in 130 countries at risk. The ICCIDD provides expertise to assist in monitoring, using urinary iodine levels for this purpose, and to ensure that the programs are sustainable. The organization's program was later broadened to include addition of dietary micronutrients to prevent malnutrition. The activities and status are summarized at http://www.iccidd.org and in the newsletter at http://www.iccidd.org/newsletter/newsletterindex.html.
Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology.