An international, independent organization, founded in 1948, with headquarters in Switzerland, which promotes and initiates scientifically based conservation measures. Its members include more than 450 government agencies and conservation organizations in more than 100 countries, and it works closely with United Nations agencies. It publishes data books listing endangered species, and in 1980 it published the World Conservation Strategy in collaboration with the UN Environment Programme, the World Wide Fund for Nature, the Food and Agriculture Organization, and UNESCO. See appendix Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Subjects: Ecology and Conservation — Plant Sciences and Forestry.