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1 (Gluck: Orfeo ed Euridice). Sop. The dead wife of the musician Orfeo, who brings her back from Hades with the help of Amor, the God of Love. Created (It. vers. 1762) by Marianna Bianchi; (Fr. vers. 1774) by Sophie Arnould.

2 (Haydn: Orfeo ed Euridice). Sop. Daughter of Creon, who allows her to marry Orfeo. She stands on a snake, is bitten, and dies. When Orfeo finds her, she deliberately steps in front of him, forcing him to look at her and thus bringing about her own death. Haydn's version of this story had to wait 160 years for its première. Created (1951) by Maria Callas.

3 (Monteverdi: L'Orfeo). Sop. Created (1607) probably by the castrato Girolamo Bacchini.

4 (Offenbach: Orpheus in the Underworld). See Eurydice.

Subjects: Opera.

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