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logical empiricism


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An influential approach to the philosophy of science, less radical than logical positivism, associated especially with the writings of three US philosophers of science, namely the German-born Rudolph Carnap (1891–1970), the Czechoslovakian-born Ernest Nagel (1901–85), and the German-born Hans Reichenbach (1891–1953), according to which the aim of research in both the natural and social sciences is the discovery and justification (testing) of general laws, a sharp distinction being drawn between the context of discovery and the context of justification. See also empiricism, falsifiability.

Subjects: Psychology.


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