Declaratory Acts

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Two Acts in Scottish Presbyterian Churches relieving ministers from their obligation to subscribe to every item of the subordinate standards of faith. That of 1879, passed by the United Presbyterian Church, proclaimed the ‘free offer of salvation to men without distinction’, affirmed that the damnation of infants and the heathen is not necessarily involved in election, and that total depravity and foreordination to death must allow for human responsibility. It explicitly upheld liberty of opinion on such matters as the ‘six days’ in the creation story in Genesis. The 1892 Act, passed by the Free Church of Scotland, is on similar lines. Both Acts are included among the ‘leading documents setting forth the constitution’ in the 1929 Basis and Plan of Union of the reunited Church of Scotland.

Subjects: Christianity.

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