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1 The process by which a body responds positively over a period of time to the effects of exercise so that he or she can cope with higher workloads. In a well-designed training programme, it is important to increase the workloads gradually as adaptation takes place, to ensure that there is a sufficient training stimulus (see overload principle).

2 In sociology, the manner in which any social system, such as a sports club or sporting body, responds to its environment in order to survive.

3 Sensory adaptation; a decline in the transmission of a sensory impulse when a receptor is stimulated continuously with a constant stimulus strength.

Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.

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