Liberal Party

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Robert Gordon Menzies (1894—1978) prime minister of Australia

Labor Party

Alfred Deakin (1856—1919) prime minister of Australia

Malcolm Fraser (b. 1930) Australian Liberal statesman, Prime Minister 1975–83

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(Australia) A major political party in Australia. The original party emerged in 1910 as an alliance of various groups opposed to the Australian Labor Party, led by Forrest. They were known for a while as the Fusion Party, adopting the title Liberal in 1913. The new Liberal Party was created in 1944 by Robert Menzies, and a Liberal‐Country coalition has alternated with Labor since then, being in office under Malcolm Fraser (1975–83). After five successive Labor governments, the Liberal Party returned to power in 1996 under John Howard.

Subjects: Australasian and Pacific History.

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