Ballet in one act with choreography by Balanchine, music by Stravinsky, and design by André Bauchant. Premiered 12 Jun. 1928 by Diaghilev's Ballets Russes at Théâtre Sarah Bernhardt, Paris, with Lifar, Nikitina, Tchernicheva, and Doubrovska. It was performed under the title Apollon musagète until 1957 and follows the score in portraying Apollo's birth from his mother Leto, his education through (and flirtation with) the three Muses Terpsichore, Calliope, and Polyhymnia, and finally his ascent of Mt. Parnassus. The plot is subordinate to the choreography, however, which is widely regarded as the first example of neo-classical ballet. Balanchine not only stripped academic dance to a lean clarity but re-worked its vocabulary with a sharp and witty modernist twist. He subsequently revised and refined the ballet many times, cutting both music and dance and eventually omitting scenery. It is one of New York City Ballet's signature works and is also danced by companies all round the world. Other settings of the same score include Milloss's (Rome, 1951), T. Gsovsky's (Berlin, 1951), Lifar's (Milan, 1956) and M. Clark's (London, 1995).