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John of Gaunt (1340—1399) prince and steward of England

Henry IV (1366—1413) king of England and lord of Ireland, and duke of Aquitaine

Henry VI (1421—1471) king of England and lord of Ireland, and duke of Aquitaine


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'Beaufort' can also refer to...

Beaufort, Bristol and Dap

Beaufort, Cardinal

Beaufort letters

Beaufort scale

Cardinal Henry Beaufort (c. 1375—1447)

Cyril Beaufort Jarrett (1881—1934) Dominican friar

Daniel Augustus Beaufort (1739—1821) Church of Ireland clergyman and cartographer

Edmund Beaufort (c. 1406—1455) magnate and soldier

Edmund Beaufort (c. 1438—1471) magnate

Francis Beaufort (1774—1857) naval officer and hydrographer

Henry Beaufort (c. 1375—1447) bishop of Winchester and cardinal

Henry Beaufort (1436—1464) magnate

Joan Beaufort (c. 1400—1445) queen of Scots, consort of James I 1394–1437

Joan Beaufort (c. 1379—1440) magnate

John Beaufort (c. 1404—1444) magnate and soldier

John Beaufort (c. 1371—1410) soldier and administrator

Margaret Beaufort (1443—1509) royal matriarch

Rosalind Louisa Beaufort Moss (1890—1990) Egyptologist and bibliographer

1st duke of Exeter, Thomas Beaufort (c. 1377—1426)

1st duke of Somerset, Edmund Beaufort (c. 1406—1455)

Thomas Beaufort (c. 1377—1426) magnate and soldier


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  • World History
  • Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500)


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An English family descended from three illegitimate sons of John of Gaunt (fourth son of Edward III) and Katherine Swynford. The children were legitimated in 1407 but with the exclusion of any claim to the crown. Their father and their half-brother Henry IV made them powerful and wealthy: Thomas (died 1426) became Duke of Exeter, John (c. 1371–1410) was made Lord High Admiral and Earl of Somerset, and Henry (died 1447) was Bishop of Winchester and later a cardinal. As a court politician he led the so-called constitutional party against Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester. The Yorkists had no love for the Beauforts, and by 1471 all three of the Earl of Somerset's grandsons had been killed in battle or executed. The male line thus ended, but their niece Margaret Beaufort (1443–1509), daughter of John, Duke of Somerset, who married Edmund Tudor, enjoyed a life of charity and patronage of learning after her son became king as Henry VII.

Subjects: World History — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

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