One of the basic positions of ballet. The dancer stands on one leg (either bent or straight), with the other extended behind with a straight knee and pointed foot. The arms are held in various positions that harmoniously extend the line of the arabesque. The body may be held vertically erect, or stretched forward parallel to the floor (in arabesque allongée) or inclined down towards the front foot, while still maintaining an extended line (in arabesque penchée). The position was known in the 18th century and was codified by Blasis.