Robert Bruce

(d. 1304)

Related Overviews

Robert Bruce (1210—1295) magnate and claimant to the Scottish throne

Edward Bruce (d. 1318) soldier and claimant to the Irish throne

Edward Balliol (c. 1280—1364) claimant to the Scottish throne

John Balliol (c. 1250—1313)

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'Robert Bruce' can also refer to...

Bruce Roberts

Robert Bruce (1210—1295) magnate and claimant to the Scottish throne

Robert Bruce (1554—1631) Church of Scotland minister

Robert Bruce (1616—1685) nobleman

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(Robert) Bruce Montgomery (1921—1978) composer and detective novelist

Robert Bruce Walker (1832—1901)

Sir Robert Bruce (c. 1293—1332) royal bastard

Sir Robert Bruce Cotton (1571—1631) antiquary and politician

Sir Robert Bruce Wycherley (1894—1965) building society manager

Sir Robert Hamilton Bruce Lockhart (1887—1970) diplomatist and writer


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Quick Reference

(d. 1304).

Eldest son of Robert Bruce (d. 1295) and father of Robert I. His marriage to Marjorie, widow of Adam of Kilconquhar, brought him the earldom of Carrick—a promotion which involved the Bruces in rivalry with their neighbour John Balliol, lord of Galloway. Bruce–Balliol rivalry intensified when Robert's father and John Balliol were the main challengers for the Scottish throne in 1291–2. When Balliol was enthroned, Robert refused to recognize him. After the English victory at Dunbar (27 April 1296), he asked for the Scottish throne—a request to which Edward famously responded: ‘Have we nothing else to do but win kingdoms for you?’ Despite this rebuff, Robert remained in the English allegiance until his death.

Subjects: British History.

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