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Mass., is situated on the bank of the Charles River opposite Boston. It was founded (1636) by members of the Massachusetts Bay Company, and renamed (1638) in honor of the English university town, following the establishment of Harvard College. It has always been an intellectual center, and was the home of the first printing press in the English colonies, established by Stephen Daye. Craigie House, a colonial mansion occupied by Washington (1775) and later the home of Longfellow (1837–82), is situated there. Since Harvard, Radcliffe, and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology are all located there, it is not only a great center of higher education but a major axis for research in all fields of knowledge. Between the Harvard Yard and the campus of MIT is the district called “The Unknown City,” a leading industrial and manufacturing center in New England. During the 19th century, Cambridge was the home of many literary figures, including Longfellow, Lowell, Dana, Margaret Fuller, Holmes, Howells, John Fiske, C. E. Norton, and John Bartlett. Later authors, in addition to those associated with the university faculties, have included Samuel Crothers, Margaret Deland, Conrad Aiken, David McCord, and May Sarton.

Subjects: Literature.

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