1 (Lord Burleigh) (Donizetti: Maria Stuarda). Bass. Urges Elizabeth I not to trust Mary Stuart and accompanies her to Fotheringay Castle to visit her cousin and rival. He encourages the Queen to sign Mary's death warrant. Created (1834 as Lamberto) by Federico Crespi, (1835) by Pietro Novelli.
2 (Lord Cecil) (Donizetti: Roberto Devereux). Ten. Together with Raleigh, informs the Queen that a silk scarf was found next to Essex's heart when he was searched. The Queen recognizes it as belonging to Sara, Duchess of Nottingham. Created (1837) by Timoleone Barattini.
3 (Sir Robert Cecil) (Britten: Gloriana) Bar. Secretary of the Council. Warns the Queen against her friendship with the Earl of Essex. Aria: The art of government. Created (1953) by Arnold Matters.
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