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Innocent

(1179—1180)


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(antipope 29 Sept. 1179–Jan. 1180?: d.)

Originally Lando, he came of an old Lombard family and was born at Sezze, a hill town in Latina province overlooking the Pontine plain. Nothing is known of his earlier career except that he was created cardinal deacon of S. Angelo by Victor IV, first of the antipopes set up by the pro-imperial faction against Alexander III. Just over a year after Callistus III, the third of the antipopes, had made his submission, Lando was proclaimed pope by a small group of schismatic cardinals at Rome, which Alexander had been forced by the hostile attitude of the citizens to leave during the summer, and was consecrated as Innocent III. His adherents included relatives of Antipope Victor IV, and one of these, a knight who was a brother of Victor's, gave him hospitality in a fortified keep between Palombara and Rome. After consulting with his cardinals, Alexander dispatched Cardinal Ugo Pierleoni to treat with the knight, who in return for a substantial sum handed the stronghold over to him and with it Innocent and his modest entourage. The pope sentenced him to confinement in the Benedictine abbey of SS. Trinità of La Cava, in the province of Salerno, for the rest of his life. The date of his death is not known.

Further Reading

JW ii. 431Watterich ii. 647 f.F. Gregorovius, Geschichte der Stadt Rom (Stuttgart, 1877), iv. 563 f.Brezzi 367PRE ix. 111 (R. O. Zöpffel/C. Mirbt)EC vii. 886 (A. Ghinato)EThC 62 (T. Kölzer)

Subjects: Christianity.


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