A standardized assessment procedure for the determination of intellectual ability. The score produced is usually expressed as an intelligence quotient. Most tests present a series of different kinds of problems to be solved. The best known are the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS), the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC), and the Stanford Binet Intelligence Scale. Scores on intelligence tests are used for such purposes as the diagnosis of mental retardation and the assessment of intellectual deterioration.
Subjects: Education — Medicine and Health.