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centre party


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centre party

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Centre International pour le Règlement des Différends Relatifs aux Investissements Decision sur les Mesures Conservatoires sollicitées par les Parties dans l'Affaire CIRDI/ARB /98/2

RAE, Robert Keith (born 1948), PC (Can.) 1998; OC 2000; OOnt 2004; QC (Can.) 1984; Senior Partner, Olthius Kleer Townshend LLP, Toronto, since 2014; MP (Liberal) Toronto Centre, Canada, 2008–June 2013; interim Leader, Liberal Party, 2011–13

J. Barry Jones and J. Osmond (eds), Inclusive Government and Party Management, the National Assembly for Wales and the Work of its Committees, IWA/Welsh Governance Centre, 2001, 192 pp., pb. £15

The Role of Party Autonomy in International Arbitration – Thirteenth Joint Colloquium on International Arbitration, ICC International Court of Arbitration / American Arbitration Association (AAA) / International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) – 15 November 1996 – New York

 

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Obviously, a centre party is one which lies between parties of the left and of the right; but as these two terms are so elusive, so is ‘centre party’. The easiest examples to define are those in countries where politics is mostly dominated by the single dimension of economic policy, such as the Liberal Democrats in Britain and the Free Democrats in Germany. In the French Fourth Republic there were strong and clearly defined centre parties. In the Fifth Republic, however, the two‐round electoral system has tended to produce two coalitions. On the left, the Socialists may be regarded as more centrist than the Communists (though the label is seldom used); but which are the more centrist of the Gaullists and the non‐Gaullist right? A further complication comes from Scandinavia, where right‐wing parties renamed themselves ‘centre’ in order to increase their appeal.

Even in Britain and Germany, the ‘centre’ label can be misleading. The British Liberal Democrats are indeed centrist on economic matters (the leadership more to the left, those who vote for them more to the right) but socially liberal on a liberal–authoritarian scale. The Free Democrats are the most economically liberal (and therefore, on one definition, the rightmost) of the three main German parties.

Subjects: Politics.


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