Overview

Hebrew Kingdoms


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United Monarchy of Israel

Kingdom of Judah

(Babylonian conquest 587/6 bc)

Kingdom of Israel

(Assyrian conquest 722 bc)

Notes

Chronology, calendar, and dating

For the chronological problems, see Galil, ch. i and Thiele, ch. ii. Modern interpretations of the biblical data presuppose the alternation of ante-dating and post-dating at various points in the history of the Divided Monarchy (see under Babylonia), and are at variance over the beginning of the calendar and regnal year (whether spring or autumn) and the question of co-regencies.

Dates of reign, which are approximate to 609 b.c., are those of Thiele. For the Assyrian conquest of Israel, see Galil, ch. v. The first Babylonian capture of Jerusalem took place in March, 597 (ibid., 108); the final fall of the city occurred in July 587 (Andersen) or 586 (Galil). For further bibliography on the Divided Monarchy, see ibid.

Names and titles

Uzziah, Jehoahaz (in Judah), Jehoiakim, and Zedekiah are throne names, and the same may be true of David (for Elhanan) and Solomon (for Jedidiah). A. M. Honeyman, “The Evidence for Regnal Names among the Hebrews,” Journal of Biblical Literature, LXVII (1948), 13–25.

Andersen, K. T., “Die Chronologie der Könige von Israel und Juda,” Scandinavian Journal of the Old Testament, III (1989), 1–45.Galil, G., Chronology of the Kings of Israel and Judah (Leiden, 1996).Merril, E. H., “The ‘Accession Year’ and Davidic Chronology,” Journal of the Ancient Near Eastern Society, XIX 1989, 101–12).Thiele, E. R., The Mysterious Numbers of the Hebrew Kings (3rd edn., Grand Rapids, 1983).

1024–1004 bc

Saul

1004–971

David

971–931

Solomon (son)

931–913

Rehoboam (son)

913–910

Abijah (son)

910–869

Asa (son or brother)

869–848

Jehoshaphat (son; co-regent 872)

848–841

Jehoram (son; co-regent 853)

841

Ahaziah (son)

841–835

Athaliah (mother)

835–796

Jehoash (son of Ahaziah)

796–767

Amaziah (son)

767–740

Uzziah (Azariah) (son; co-regent 792)

740–732

Jotham (son; co-regent 750)

732–715

Ahaz (son; co-regent 735)

715–686

Hezekiah (son)

686–642

Manasseh (son; co-regent 697)

642–640

Amon (son)

640–609

Josiah (son)

609

Jehoahaz (Shallum) (son; deposed)

609–598

Jehoiakim (Eliakim) (brother)

598–597

Jehoiachin (son; deposed)

597–586

Zedekiah (Mattaniah) (son of Josiah; deposed)

931–909

Jeroboam I

909–908

Nadab (son)

908–886

Baasha

886–885

Elah (son)

885

Zimri

885–880

Tibni

885–874

Omri (rival king)

874–853

Ahab (son)

853–852

Ahaziah (son)

852–841

Jehoram (brother)

841–814

Jehu

814–798

Jehoahaz (son)

798–782

Jehoash (son)

782–753

Jeroboam II (son; co-regent 793)

753–752

Zechariah (son)

752

Shallum

752–742

Menahem

742–740

Pekahiah (son)

740–732

Pekah

732–723

Hoshea (deposed)

Subjects: History.


Reference entries

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