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Originally an antiphon; Wilfred Owen's ‘Anthem for Doomed Youth’ and W. H. Auden's ‘Anthem for St Cecilia's Day’ both preserve something of this antiphonal sense. The term is now used more often to denote a song in which the words affirm a collective identity, usually expressing attachment to some nation, institution, or cause. Anthems have been adopted, formally or informally, by states, schools, sports clubs, and social movements of all kinds. A significant modern example is Tom Robinson's ‘Glad to be Gay’ (1977).

Subjects: Literature.

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