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A move to foster or protect an indigenous culture in a particular region. ECLAC (1994) defines open regionalism as ‘a process of growing economic interdependence at the regional level, fuelled both by preferential integration agreements and other liberalization and deregulation policies, in order to increase the competitiveness of the region's countries and to consolidate the foundations for a more open and transparent international economy’. Poon (2001) Area 33, 3 sees the major goal of open regionalism as overcoming the social and psychological barriers that stop businesses networking. Jones and MacLeod (2004) TIBG29, 4 write on spaces of regionalism, which (re)assert ‘national and regional claims to citizenship, insurgent forms of political mobilization and cultural expression and the formation of new contours of territorial government’; see J. Agnew (2002), for example.

Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography.

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