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1 Grander and more ornamental version of a glasshouse or greenhouse used for conserving plants, either a detached structure or one joined to a dwelling, heated and kept humid. Early conservatories were of conventional construction, with large windows, but the finest examples date from C19 when iron-and-glass construction evolved in terms of invention and elegance. While there were early iron-and-glass conservatories in C18, including that at Hohenheim, near Stuttgart, J. C. Loudon invented a curved bendable sash-bar of iron that made further developments possible, including the Great Stove at Chatsworth, Derbys. (1836–40) by Burton and Paxton.

2 Public building devoted to the cultivation of, and instruction in, any branch of art or science, especially music.

Hix (1996);Kohlmaier & von Sartory (1986);Koppelkamm (1981);Loudon (1834);Marston (1992);M. Woods & Warren (1988)

Subjects: Lifestyle, Home, and Garden — Architecture.

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