1 An attentional style, which is consistent with internal focus. It is illustrated by some distance runners who tend to be very aware of their own emotions and internal body sensations, for example, how their legs feel during performance. Compare dissociation.
2 Used synonymously with correlation in descriptive statistics.
3 A form of learning that establishes the relationship between different events. The basic elements of association learning are connections between the stimulus and response. The strength of an association is influenced by the frequency with which these events are presented together. An association area in the anterior of the cerebral cortex is assumed to integrate previously stored information with incoming information. See conditioning.