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The process of striving against, opposing, or withstanding something. In psychoanalysis, the tendency to strive against the transition of repressed thoughts, feelings, or wishes from the unconscious (2) to consciousness, especially an attempt to prevent this happening while undergoing psychoanalysis. The interpretation (2) of resistance is an important aspect of psychoanalytic technique. Sigmund Freud (1856–1939) discussed a number of forms of resistance in Studies on Hysteria (1895, Standard Edition, II, at pp. 278–87) and in Inhibitions, Symptoms and Anxiety (1926, Standard Edition, XX, pp. 77–175, at pp. 158–60). In an article on ‘A Difficulty in the Path of Psycho-Analysis’ in 1917, he interpreted hostility to his work as further evidence of resistance (Standard Edition, XVII, pp. 137–44). When it occurs during psychoanalysis, it is also called transference resistance. See also negative therapeutic reaction, working through.

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