[Ir. corrach, wet bog, march, morass, low-lying plain].
Any extensive flat, boggy land in Ireland or the Isle of Man may be called a curragh. The best-known is called The Curragh or The Curragh of Kildare, about 5,000 acres, 6 miles by 2 miles, 2 miles E of the town of Kildare. The Curragh has often been mentioned in Irish narrative, notably in Fenian tales, for more than 1,000 years. Prehistoric ruins include ring burial-mounds and the Race of the Black Pig, which may have been an ancient cattleway. More recent history has given The Curragh other associations; 350 unarmed United Irishmen were slaughtered here in 1798; it also includes the site of one of Ireland's most famous horse race-tracks and the training centre for the Irish military.