1. Ballet in one act with choreography by Balanchine, music by Stravinsky, and designs by Noguchi. Premiered 28 Apr. 1948 by Ballet Society at City Center in New York, with Nicholas Magallanes, Maria Tallchief, and Francisco Moncion. The ballet is a contemporary retelling of the Orpheus and Eurydice myth, ‘the eternal domestic tragedy of an artist and his wife’ according to Balanchine. Other choreographers using the same music include Milloss (Venice, 1948), Lichine (Paris, 1948), Tatjana Gsovsky (Frankfurt, 1961), Cranko (Stuttgart, 1970), van Dantzig (Amsterdam, 1974), MacMillan (London, 1982), and Tetley (Melbourne, 1987).
2. Ballet in six scenes with choreography by Forsythe, libretto by E. Bond, music by Henze, sets by Axel Manthey, and costumes by Joachim Herzog. Premiered 17 Mar. 1979 by the Stuttgart Ballet in Stuttgart, with Cragun, Keil, R. Anderson, M. Witham, and O. Neubert. A full-length ballet, it uses the story of Orpheus to show how artists have transformed the human race into a society that has no need of gods.
Elsewhere, the Orpheus myth has provided numerous choreographers with subject-matter, among them H. Schütz (Dresden, 1638), Hilverding (Vienna, 1752), Noverre (Stuttgart, 1763), Isadora Duncan (Munich, 1902), Laban (mus. Gluck, 1927), de Valois (mus. Gluck, London, 1941), Petit (Paris, 1944), Charrat (mus. R. Lupi, Venice, 1951), and Béjart (mus. P. Henry, Liège, 1958). Gluck's opera Orpheus and Eurydice has been choreographed and directed by several choreographers including Balanchine (at the Metropolitan Opera, 1936), Bausch (chamber version, Wuppertal, 1975), and Morris (several versions including the Metropolitan Opera 2007). Trisha Brown directed and choreographed a production of Monteverdi's L'Orfeo for the Monnaie, Brussels, 1998.