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The name of the ocean comes (in late Middle English) via Latin from Greek, from Atlas, Atlant-. It originally referred to Mount Atlas in Libya, hence to the sea near the west African coast, later extended to the whole ocean.

The Atlantic Charter a declaration of eight common principles in international relations drawn up by Churchill and Roosevelt in August 1941. The charter, which stipulated freely chosen governments, free trade, freedom of the seas, and disarmament of current aggressor states, and condemned territorial changes made against the wishes of local populations, provided the ideological basis for the United Nations organization.

Battle of the Atlantic a succession of sea operations during the Second World War in which Axis naval and air forces attempted to destroy ships carrying supplies from North America to the UK.

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