1 a periodical (1732–85) founded in opposition to the Gentleman's Magazine;
2 a magazine of great brilliance (1820–9), established under the editorship of John Scott; it was non‐political and gave a large proportion of its space to writers and books. Scott championed the work of the younger writers, including Words‐worth, Lamb, De Quincey, Clare, Hood, Carlyle, and in particular the ‘Cockney School’, Keats, Leigh Hunt, and Hazlitt. But he was soon provoked into attacks on Blackwood's, and he was killed in a duel by a representative of that magazine. John Taylor succeeded as editor with the assistance of Hood;
3 a monthly literary magazine founded in 1954 by J. Lehmann, and edited by him until 1961. Alan Ross was editor from 1961 to 2001. It was welcomed in its first issue by T. S. Eliot as a non‐university‐based periodical that would ‘boldly assume the existence of a public interested in serious literature’. Its distinguished contributors have included MacNeice, E. Waugh, R. Fuller, Auden, C. Causley, D. Walcott, G. Ewart.