A primitive wheeled cycle was exhibited at Paris in 1791 but had to be pushed with the feet, as were the hobby‐horses of the 1810s. In the 1860s a front‐wheel‐drive machine was manufactured—the bone‐shaker—and in subsequent decades the front wheel became larger until the penny‐farthing had developed. The Rover safety model, built at Coventry from 1885, had a rear‐wheel chain drive and from 1888 pneumatic tyres could be fitted. Cycle races began early and special tracks were built in the 1880s. The National Cyclists' Union was founded in 1878 and the Cyclists' Touring Club the same year.
Subjects: Medicine and Health — Sport and Leisure.