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The recording and analysis of a person's psychological and behavioural characteristics, so as to assess or predict their capabilities in a certain sphere or to assist in identifying a particular subgroup of people.

In the 1980s and 1990s, profiling became a staple of forensic investigation, with the technique of DNA profiling, or genetic fingerprinting, frequently employed to establish the unique physical characteristics of an individual. More controversially, psychological profiling has been used to build up an outline of the likely offender.

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