Ballet in one act with choreography by Kylián, music by Janáček, and design by Walter Nobbe. Premiered 9 Jun. 1978 by Nederlands Dans Theater at Spoleto Festival, Charleston, S. Carolina. It is set to Janáček's 1926 score of the same title and the exuberant physicality of the choreography reflects the composer's stated desire to express ‘the contemporary free man, his spiritual beauty and joy, his strength, courage and determination’. It has become one of NDT's signature pieces and has been revived for many other companies including Paris Opera (1989), American Ballet Theatre (1991), Houston Ballet (1995), and Royal Ballet (2003). P. Smok has also choreographed a ballet to the same score (Basle, 1971).
Also the title of Ashton's one-act ballet to M. Williamson's score, premiered by Touring Royal Ballet at Stratford-upon-Avon, 10 Feb. 1967, and revived for Sadler's Wells Royal Ballet, 1981.