Dynasty of Phraortes
Dates depend on Herodotus; those of the first two kings are unreliable. R. Drews, Historia, XVIII (1969), 1–11, dates the fall of the kingdom to 554 bc.
Cambridge Ancient History, Volume IV, ed. J. Boardman (2nd edn., Cambridge, 1988).Cambridge History of Iran, Volume II, ed. I. Gershevitch (Cambridge, 1985).
Deioces (son of Phraortes; traditional founder of the Median kingdom c.700 bc)
Astyages (son; conquest of Media by Cyrus the Great of Persia 550 bc)