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Carl Andre (b. 1935) American minimalist sculptor

Ad Reinhardt (1913—1967)

David Smith (1906—1965) American sculptor

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Style inspired by severe Modern architecture (such as the purest of Mies van der Rohe's work or the bare images of Barragán's designs), traditional Japanese architecture, and Zen Buddhist gardens. Minimalism seeks to avoid clutter, ornament, and even colour, while possessions were stored away. It has sometimes been adopted to suggest exclusiveness and luxury. A feature of the Modern Movement since the 1920s, it re-emerged in the 1960s and 1980s (e.g. the works of Herzog & De Meuron, Holl, Isozaki, Maki, Siza, and Ungers, among others).

Pawson (1996);A. Tate & C. R. Smith (1986);Toy (ed.) (1994)

Subjects: Art.

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