In 2007 the reorganization of government departments created two Secretaries of State with responsibility for aspects of education. The Secretary of State for Children, Schools, and Families heads the department of that name (DCSF), and is responsible for matters of policy and other matters relating to compulsory education. The Secretary of State for Innovation, Universities, and Skills at the department of that name (DIUS) is responsible for policy and other matters relating to further education, higher education, science education, and training in the skills sector. Within each department there are other ministerial posts with specific responsibility for schools and learners. In the DCSF the Minister for Schools and Learners has a remit whose policy areas include the raising of standards of attainment in schools, including performances in public examinations and national tests; application of, and matters relating to, the national curriculum; education for 14–19‐year‐olds, including the 14–19 Diplomas; school funding; and issues relating to the school workforce. Working within the same departmental team is the Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Schools and Learners, whose remit covers policy areas relating to the formation of schools, including trust schools, academies, and specialist schools; primary education, including the teaching of phonics; and special educational needs. There is also a Minister of State for Children, Young People, and Families, responsible for policy matters relating to children's well‐being and care, Sure Start, early years and childcare, and the Every Child Matters agenda; and with joint responsibility with other departments for policies relating to youth justice and child poverty. Also a member of the ministerial team is the Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Children, Young People, and Families, responsible for policies relating to, among others, pupil behaviour and attendance, anti‐bullying strategies, the Respect agenda, and issues to do with pupils' health, including school meals and child obesity.
Working with the Secretary of State within the DIUS are the Minister of State for Lifelong Learning, Further and Higher Education; the Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Skills; the Minister of State for Science and Innovation; and the Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Intellectual Property and Quality.