Modernization and Development

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'Modernization and Development' can also refer to...

Modernization and Development

Modernization and Development

Modernization and Development

Erring Modernization and Development in the Muslim World

Modernization and its Discontents: A Cultural Perspective on Theories of Development

Development, Modernization, and Childbearing: The Role of Family Sex Composition

Modernizing Nature: Forestry and Imperial Eco-Development, 1800-1950

Modernizing Nature: Forestry and imperial eco-development 1800–1950, by S. Ravi Rajan

Indonesia's “Accelerated Modernization” and the Global Discourse of Development, 1960–1975

Ecological Modernization and the Politics of Sustainable Development in the Global Palm Oil Industry

Passive modernization? The new human development index and its components in Italy's regions (1871–2007)

Modernization from the Other Shore: American Observers and the Costs of Soviet Economic Development

Development and the Politics of Knowledge: A Critical Interpretation of the Social Role of Modernization Theories in the Development of the Third World

Modernization, World System, and Clash of Civilization Perspectives in Lay Views of the Development–Morality Nexus in the United States and the Middle East

Development and the “Indian Problem” in the Cold War Andes: Indigenismo, Science, and Modernization in the Making of the Cornell-Peru Project at Vicos

Environment, Modernization and Development in East Asia: Perspectives from Environmental History. Edited by Ts’ui-jung Liu and James Beattie

The Right Kind of Revolution: Modernization, Development, and U.S. Foreign Policy from the Cold War to the Present

David C. Engerman. Modernization from the Other Shore: American Intellectuals and the Romance of Russian Development. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. 2003. Pp. vi, 399. $49.95

Dennis D. Cordell, Joel W. Gregory, and Victor Piché. Hoe and Wage: A Social History of a Circular Migration System in West Africa. (African Modernization and Development Series.) Boulder, Colo.: West-view of HarperCollins. 1996. Pp. xiv, 384. $69.95


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Western patterns of modernization and development, whether capitalist or socialist, are based on secularism, individualism, and commitment to progress through science and technology. In the perception of Islamists, they are also amoral and materialistic, perhaps even atheist. Islamists assert that Islamic approaches to development are superior to capitalism and socialism because of their attention to spiritual and material needs and concern for equity and social justice. Islamic theorists emphasize the connection between spiritual development and material improvement, concluding that institutionalization of religious goals and laws necessarily precedes development. Humans, as God's stewards, are custodians of God's resources, which must be distributed equitably. Personal wealth is permitted, but such accumulation is accompanied by responsibility for the basic needs of the less fortunate. An Islamic theory of development would thus be a set of modernized ethical standards to guide the economic, social, and political development of the Muslim world.

See also Islamic Development Bank

Subjects: Islam.

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