A self‐contained subdivision of a programme of study which is taught and assessed as a discrete unit. Courses or programmes which are made up of modules are known as ‘modular’. The modules may run sequentially or concurrently. Some may be chosen from a number of options; others may be mandatory, or core, modules. In some cases, students may gain accreditation for one or more modules without completing the entire course; or may take breaks (intercalate) between modules, building up to the full qualification over a designated maximum period time. In higher education, credit for modules may also be transferred between institutions, so that a student who has gained modules at master's level at one university, for example, can transfer the credit for those modules towards their master's qualification at another university. Thus, the modular system provides both flexibility in the pattern of attendance and the content covered, and an alternative to the situation where assessment relies solely on one set of examinations at the course's end. See also credit; module specification.