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'running' can also refer to...

“A Complication of Complaints”: Untangling Disability, Race, and Gender in William and Ellen Craft’s Running A Thousand Miles for Freedom

Absolute contraindications to percutaneous tracheostomy due to anomaly of aortic arch branches origin and running

after running

Age-Related Differences in the Effect of Running Training on Cardiac Myosin Isozyme Composition in Rats

American Film Comedy and Cultural Critique: Glitches in the Smooth Running of the Social Machine

Amy Kaler. Running After Pills: Politics, Gender, and Contraception in Colonial Zimbabwe. (Social History of Africa.) Portsmouth: Heinemann. 2003. Pp. x, 247. Cloth $69.95, paper $27.95

aqua running

Are we running out of thoracic or cardiac surgeons? Demography of thoracic and cardiac surgeons in France in 2012†

BEES cross running water

Benjamin Balint, Running Commentary: The Contentious Magazine that Transformed the Jewish Left into the Neoconservative Right

Best, John Philip Robert (born 1950), chartered surveyor; Executive Partner, Wynford Eagle Partners, running family estate in Dorset, 1981–2002 and since 2010 (sole proprietor, 2002–10)

BRIDE crosses running water



‘Catherine Carmichael: or, Three Years Running’

Consequences of running more operating theatres than anaesthetists to staff them: a stochastic simulation study

Conspiracy. Produced by Nick Gillott; directed by Frank Pierson; screenplay by Loring Mandel. 2001; color; running time 96 minutes. Distributed by Home Box Office (HBO)

Contraindications to percutaneous tracheostomy due to anomaly of aortic-arch branches origin and running: relative or absolute

covenant running with the land

covenant running with the land

A critical note on a long-running debate in forest economics

cross-country running

cross-country running

deep water running

deep water running

distance running

eComment. Is the USA running out of cardiothoracic surgeons?

Effective equation of state for running vacuum: ‘mirage’ quintessence and phantom dark energy

The Effects of Aging and Treadmill Running on Soleus and Gastrocnemius Muscle Morphology in the Senescence-Accelerated Mouse (SAMP1)

EGGS carried over running water


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Quick Reference

One of the most fundamental of human sporting practices, running has appealed to participants and spectators for its combination of speed and endurance in performance, the visibly dramatic element of competition, and its health-promoting qualities. Regardless of advances in training and equipment, the essential simplicity of the sport—first past the post or to the finishing line—continues to place running at the core of sporting traditions and events. Sprinting generates interest in the fastest man or woman on earth; the marathon rewards endurance and toughness. This elemental dimension of running has kept running events at the heart of the athletics and track-and-field agenda, a major draw in the core location of the stadium at the Olympics. Running has also been a pivotal activity in the expansion of leisure sports, linked to fitness and fashion but also to health-promotion drives by policy-makers and providers. On the more individual, experiential level running also offers a source of aesthetic experience, what English runner Roger Bannister recalled as a ‘unity with nature…a new source of power and beauty’, as well as ‘a joy, freedom and challenge which cannot be found elsewhere’ (First Four Minutes, 1955). The widespread appeal of running—or ‘foot-racing’—was recognized by Joseph Strutt (Sports and Pastimes of the People of England, 1801): ‘There is no kind of exercise that has more uniformly met the approbation of authors than running. In the middle ages, foot-racing was considered as an essential part of a young man's education, especially if he was the son of a man of rank, and brought up to a military profession.’ The development of different and specialized forms of running—middle-distance, long-distance—has fed the hunger for records in modern professional sports, as well as the attraction of the ‘personal best’ to runners at all levels of achievement. See also cross-country running; jogging; Loues, Spiridon; Olympic Games, ancient; Phidippides; race-walking; sprinting.

Subjects: sport and leisure.

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