A shipping canal connecting the Mediterranean at Port Said with the Red Sea. It was constructed between 1859 and 1869 by Ferdinand de Lesseps. In 1875 it came under British control.
Its nationalization by Egypt in 1956 prompted the Suez Crisis, a short conflict in which Britain and France made a military alliance with Israel to regain control of the canal, but international criticism forced the withdrawal of forces.
Subjects: Maritime History.