Chapter

1709–1710

Frances Harris

in The General in Winter

Published in print July 2017 | ISBN: 9780198802440
Published online June 2017 | e-ISBN: 9780191840746 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oso/9780198802440.003.0012
1709–1710

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  • Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
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The tenth chapter describes how peace slips from the Allies’ grasp. Louis XIV refuses to join in driving his grandson out of Spain; Marlborough refuses to mediate between the Dutch and the Habsburgs; and the Whig financiers reject a separate peace with France with a campaign to get Spain afterwards. Another battle at Malplaquet fails to solve the impasse. Marlborough withdraws from his diplomatic and ministerial roles. Godolphin, having completed his bargain with the Whigs by getting Orford into the Admiralty, feels himself master of them, but Marlborough contests control of the army with the queen (the Essex regiment crisis) and tries unsuccessfully to use the Whig majority in Parliament to drive Abigail Masham from court. The queen, advised by Harley behind the scenes, is now convinced Marlborough is a threat to her and has turned completely against his wife, though Godolphin retains her confidence.

Keywords: Duke of Marlborough; Lord Godolphin; peace of 1709; Louis XIV; Malplaquet; Robert Harley; Abigail Masham; Lord Orford; Essex regiment crisis

Chapter.  14781 words. 

Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700) ; Social and Cultural History

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