Chapter

Imperatives and command strategies in Tayatuk (Morobe, PNG)

Valérie Guérin

in Commands

Published in print July 2017 | ISBN: 9780198803225
Published online August 2017 | e-ISBN: 9780191841415 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oso/9780198803225.003.0010

Series: Explorations in Linguistic Typology

Imperatives and command strategies in Tayatuk (Morobe, PNG)

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  • Historical and Diachronic Linguistics
  • Grammar, Syntax and Morphology

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Commands are pervasive in everyday conversations held in Tayatuk, a Finisterre language of the Morobe province in Papua New Guinea. Imperatives in Tayatuk usually order people around but also frequently express approval. The future and the non-final morphologies can also be recruited as command strategies to express, respectively, a command remote in time and space and an appeal. Formally, imperatives do not constitute a uniform paradigm. Canonical imperatives are expressed by the bare form of the verb (for 2sg) and with dedicated imperative morphology for 2pl and 2du. Non-canonical imperatives (for 1 and 3) borrow morphology from the irrealis paradigm. Negative imperatives form a defective paradigm of their own: a single inflection is used regardless of the person and numbers of the subject. The data suggest that imperatives and prohibitives in Tayatuk form separate clause types.

Keywords: Papua New Guinea; Finisterre language; bare stem imperatives; dedicated imperative morphology; defective paradigm

Chapter.  4568 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics ; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology

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