Article

Female Empowerment and the Chain of Command: Women in the U.S. Military

Tiffany Sanford-Jenson and Marla H. Kohlman

in The Oxford Handbook of U.S. Women's Social Movement Activism

Published in print July 2017 | ISBN: 9780190204204
Published online May 2017 | e-ISBN: 9780190204228 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780190204204.013.27

Series: Oxford Handbooks

Female Empowerment and the Chain of Command: Women in the U.S. Military

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The U.S. military has garnered considerable scrutiny over how successfully it has incorporated women into full participation. With the formal infusion of women into the Armed Services in the last half of the twentieth century, scholars have begun to examine women’s military experiences as they have entered into new occupational roles, putting women ever closer to controversial combat-related work. Accompanying these increased career opportunities are age-old risks reported in the civilian workplace, including the increased likelihood of harassment, rape, discrimination, subjugation, and other types of gender-based inequality. This chapter provides a detailed synthesis of myriad social movement experiences for women in the military as they have sought to define new roles and participate more fully in the all-volunteer forces. Specifically, the chapter examines sexist practice, combat inclusion, sexual victimization, expansion of reproductive health care, veteran’s benefits, and legal avenues for women’s social movements both in public and private spheres.

Keywords: women; military; sexism; sexual harassment; discrimination; rape; gender inequality

Article.  7819 words. 

Subjects: US Politics ; Political Behaviour

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