The Scandinavian Languages

Anders Holmberg and Christer Platzack

in The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Syntax

Published in print October 2008 | ISBN: 9780195136517
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics

 The Scandinavian Languages

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  • Linguistics
  • Grammar, Syntax and Morphology
  • Language Families


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This article provides an overview of the syntax of the modern Scandinavian languages, including Danish, Faroese, Icelandic, Norwegian, and Swedish. It discusses the noun-phrase structure and syntactic properties common to all Scandinavian languages. The article suggests that Mainland Scandinavian languages have almost identical syntactic properties on the sentential level and differ in some respects profoundly from Icelandic, in which person agreement on the finite verb and case marking on nouns trigger verb movement and make available syntactic properties such as stylistic fronting and transitive expletive constructions.

Keywords: Scandinavian languages; syntax; noun-phrase structure; syntactic properties; finite verb; case marking; stylistic fronting; expletive constructions

Article.  13469 words. 

Subjects: Linguistics ; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology ; Language Families

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