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The Oxford Handbook of Presocratic Philosophy

Edited by Patricia Curd and Daniel W. Graham

Volume 1, issue Published in print October 2008 | ISBN: 9780195146875
Published online September 2009 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195146875.001.0001

Series: OXFORD HANDBOOKS IN PHILOSOPHY

The Oxford Handbook of Presocratic Philosophy

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The Oxford Handbook of Presocratic Philosophy brings together leading international scholars to study the diverse figures, movements, and approaches that constitute Presocratic philosophy. In the sixth and fifth centuries bc a new kind of thinker appeared in Greek city-states, dedicated to finding the origins of the world and everything in it, using observation and reason rather than tradition and myth. We call these thinkers Presocratic philosophers, and recognize them as the first philosophers of the Western tradition, as well as the originators of scientific thinking. New textual discoveries and new approaches make a reconsideration of the Presocratics at the beginning of the twenty-first century especially timely. More than a survey of scholarship, this study presents new interpretations and evaluations of the Presocratics' accomplishments, from Thales to the sophists, from theology to science, and from pre-philosophical background to their influence on later thinkers. Many positions presented here challenge accepted wisdom and offer alternative accounts of Presocratic theories. This book includes chapters on the Milesians (Thales, Anaximander, Anaximenes), Xenophanes, Heraclitus, Parmenides, Anaxagoras, Empedocles, the Pythagoreans, the atomists, and the sophists. Special studies are devoted to the sources of Presocratic philosophy, oriental influences, Hippocratic medicine, cosmology, explanation, epistemology, theology, and the reception of Presocratic thought in Aristotle and other ancient authors.

Keywords: Greek thinker; scientific thinking; Thales; sophists; theology; Milesians; Thales; Anaximander; Anaximenes; Xenophanes; Heraclitus; Parmenides; Anaxagoras; Empedocles; Pythagoreans; atomists; oriental influences; Hippocratic medicine; cosmology; explanation; epistemology; Aristotle

Book.  600 pages. 

Subjects: Philosophy

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Table of Contents

Introduction in The Oxford Handbook of Presocratic Philosophy

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The Sources for Presocratic Philosophy in The Oxford Handbook of Presocratic Philosophy

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Milesian Measures: Time, Space, and Matter in The Oxford Handbook of Presocratic Philosophy

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Heraclitus: Flux, Order, and Knowledge in The Oxford Handbook of Presocratic Philosophy

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Signs and Arguments in Parmenides B8 in The Oxford Handbook of Presocratic Philosophy

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Anaxagoras and the Theory of Everything in The Oxford Handbook of Presocratic Philosophy

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Empedocles: Physical and Mythical Divinity in The Oxford Handbook of Presocratic Philosophy

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Two Problems in Pythagoreanism in The Oxford Handbook of Presocratic Philosophy

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