Article

Presocratic Cosmologies

M. R. Wright

in The Oxford Handbook of Presocratic Philosophy

Published in print October 2008 | ISBN: 9780195146875
Published online September 2009 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195146875.003.0016

Series: OXFORD HANDBOOKS IN PHILOSOPHY

 Presocratic Cosmologies

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This article explores early Greeks' cosmological speculation, showing how they explored the possibility of a “theory of everything” and human understanding of the cosmos. In the exposition of competitive cosmologies, there are three questions still unresolved: the form of most of the matter in the universe is not known; the process of beginning of the universe is not known; and whether the universe is finite or infinite is also not known. Presocratic solutions to these problems, still perplexing to the contemporaries, are tackled in this article, with the addition of a note on what is called the anthropic principle, which addresses the place of human life and human observation in the whole.

Keywords: Greeks' cosmological speculation; theory of everything; competitive cosmologies; Presocratic solutions; cosmic matter

Article.  10727 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy ; Classical Philosophy ; Metaphysics ; Philosophy of Science

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