Article

Universalism

Thomas Talbott

in The Oxford Handbook of Eschatology

Published in print December 2007 |
Published online September 2009 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195170498.003.0026

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Universalism is the religious doctrine that every created person will sooner or later be reconciled to God, the loving source of all that is, and will in the process be reconciled to all other persons as well. Insofar as Christianity is a historical religion and includes substantive beliefs about the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ, Christians are indeed committed to the view that anyone who denies this historical event is mistaken and anyone who does not understand its theological significance has not yet grasped the full truth of the matter. John Hick, the best-known proponent of universalism among twentieth-century philosophers of religion, has also been one of the most outspoken defenders of religious pluralism. This article discusses universalism and other Christian doctrines, including salvation. It also examines free will and the problem of hell, libertarian free will, and the role of human freedom in universal reconciliation.

Keywords: Christianity; universalism; hell; free will; salvation; Jesus Christ; death; resurrection; freedom; Christian doctrines

Article.  8008 words. 

Subjects: Religion ; Philosophy of Religion ; Religious Studies

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